Which cutter for which operation?
What are the cutting operations?
Cutting processes work by causing fracture of the material that is processed. Usually, the portion that is fractured away is in small sized pieces, called chips. Common cutting processes include sawing, shaping (or planing), broaching, drilling, grinding, turning and milling.
How do I choose a milling cutter?
When choosing the most suitable number of effective cutting edges, zc, for the operation, it is also essential to consider the pitch – the distance between the cutting edges. Selecting the correct milling cutter pitch is important because it has a dramatic effect on productivity, stability and power consumption.
How many types of cutters are there?
There is a wide selection of different types available. They can come in various sizes and feature a range of pincers and joints, with the three basic types being locking, adjustable, and non-adjustable. These tools are typically made from steel.
What is ball cutter used for?
Ball cutters are used to decrease the stress concentration and are also known as ball end mills. Whenever there is need of cutting three dimensional shapes then, there is a use of ball cutters to perfectly cut those three-dimensional shapes.
What is side and face milling cutter?
Side and Face Milling Cutter are specially designed with cutting teeth on its side as well as its circumference. The teeth on the side allow the side and face cutter to make unbalanced cuts without deflecting the cutter as would happen with a slitting saw or slot cutter.
What is form cutter in milling?
The form-cutting method uses a cutting tool that has the same form as the space between two adjacent teeth on a gear. This method is used for cutting gear teeth on a milling machine.
What types of cutters are most often used on a vertical milling machine?
Vertical milling machines have the spindle in vertical position or parallel to column phase, mounted onto a sliding head for more complexity. The most common tool used in vertical milling is the end mill or a flat-bottomed cutter.